Back to school, all the useful information Part 5

Healthy and quick breakfasts before going to school

How should children eat before going to school? According to the experts, the breakfasts must be complete and well-calibrated. Of course, sometimes mixing and changing makes the start of the day less boring. Here are some:

  1. 150 ml of milk or yogurt, semi-skimmed (after three years it’s fine too, you can do without the fat part), dry biscuits (50 g), orange juice (100 ml).
  2. 150 ml of milk or yogurt, partially skimmed, 4 rusks (35 g) with jam (30 g), orange juice (100 ml).
  3. 220 ml of semi-skimmed milk or yogurt, cereal snack (30 g), apple (200 g)
  4. Small whole-wheat sandwiches with ham or omelets prepared the night before, bancha tea (a special naturally detoxified tea, also suitable for three-year-olds), and seasonal fruit.
  5. Egg beaten with sugar, stretched with milk at room temperature and seasonal fruit with a little honey on top.

Autumn sickness in children, how to deal with it

At the height of the autumn season, along with the classic seasonal ailments, children may also complain of a more vague malaise, characterized by tiredness, apathy, lack of appetite, but also nervousness and irritability. This is what some people call autumn sickness, and others even more explicitly “school blues” , the sadness of returning to school. There are some fundamental strategies to help children cope with their return to school. Here they are:

  1. Take care of the diet, which must be healthy and balanced. As underlined by a recent document by the Italian Society of Preventive and Social Pediatrics on Supplements and Supplements for Children, the best diet to tend to is considered the Mediterranean type, characterized by the abundant consumption of fresh and seasonal fruit and vegetables. cereals (preferably whole) from medium-high consumption of fish, legumes and dried fruit and reduced consumption of meat (especially red) and saturated fats.
  2. Treating sleep: resting well is essential to allow the body to function at its best.
  3. Spend as much time as possible outdoors: even in autumn and winter and even if the weather is not nice.
  4. Listen to their emotions and concerns, without minimizing them, but placing yourself in an attitude of empathic listening.

Does the child have a stomach ache: physical or psychological?

Parents often think that in the vast majority of cases the cause of a stomach ache is an organic disease, but it is not. According to Prof. Paolo Lionetti, responsible for pediatric gastroenterology at the Anna Meyer Pediatric Hospital, University of Florence, in 90% of cases, these are psychological-emotional causes.

Nostrofiglio.it has compiled a short manual for parents struggling with their children’s stomach ache to help them understand the possible causes and how to behave.

  1. Signs to see if the cause of the stomach ache is physical. The symptoms that must cause concern and that “we doctors consider red flags”, says Lionetti, are: the child reports a stomach ache in a precise point; night awakening for pain; temperature; growth slowdown; diarrhea; vomiting associated with pain; inflammation around the anus; weight loss; blood in the stool. Without considering that, much more trivially, an acute attack – acute, non-recurring! – of stomach ache can be due to the simple indigestion of junk food. In general, these are passenger disturbances, which resolve themselves in a short time.
  2. If the child often has a stomach ache, it is advisable to go to the pediatrician. If a stomach ache is a recurrent disorder, it is always good to go to the pediatrician, who will first ask some specific questions to understand when and how the pain occurs. The doctor will then make a general visit. If necessary, he will prescribe some blood tests – blood counts, tests for celiac disease and some indicators of inflammation – and a urine test. If there is diarrhea, a parasitological examination of the feces.
  3. If the stomach ache is recurrent and the pediatric check is ok, the cause can be emotional. If all the exams are negative and the child’s growth is regular, the pediatrician may come to the conclusion that it is functional recurrent abdominal pain, that is not related to a disease, despite the fact that the belly really hurts.

Children and back pain, is it really the backpack’s fault?

In a recent study entitled Do schoolbags cause back pain in children and adolescents? A systematic review, some researchers have verified if the characteristics of the use of the school backpack are risk factors for the back pain of children and adolescents.

The researchers came to the following conclusions: “The weight of the backpack, the design of the backpack and the method of transport do not increase the risk of developing back pain in children and adolescents”, explains Dr. Alessandra Negrini, Isico physiotherapist. ” Back pain, on the other hand, is strongly correlated with physical activity for better or for worse: that is when too much or too little is done with negative consequences in both cases”.

How can we prevent back pain? Isico’s experts suggest, taking up the International Guidelines, that:

  1. It would be necessary to do at least an hour a day and not necessarily of competitive sport, on the contrary: it is also fine to play in the park under the house.
  2. You don’t have to be too sedentary and it’s better to avoid sitting too much.
  3. If possible, walk to school, if the journey is short.
  4. You can also take advantage of the interval to play and run. Furthermore, it is best to get up at regular intervals from the desk and play sports as much as possible.
  5. Finally, the desk or desk is essential for a correct posture. ¬ęChair, desk, and desk must be adapted to the height of the boy. It is important to sit as far back as possible with the pelvis and lean back against the backrest when using the computer or listening to school, while when reading or writing you can lean forward by placing your forearms on the work surface. always taking care that the pelvis is well back “, said Dr. Negrin.

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